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When someone mentions Wall Street, most people think of stocks and bonds. Stocks represent equity, or outright ownership in a company. Bonds, in contrast, represent debt or loan. An investor who buys bonds of a corporation or government unit simply lends it money, and no ownership is involved.

Corporations that need to raise capital have a choice: they can either issue stock, thereby increasing their equity, or they can issue bonds, increasing their debt. When a government needs to raise money for public works such as building schools, hospitals, museums, roads, sanitation systems, etc., they can’t issue stock. Instead, they issue bonds which represent loans.

What is an OTC Market?

What is an Exchange?

Types of Bonds

Bonds as Fixed income Securities

What Is a Bond?

Advantages of Municipal Bonds

Advantages of Corporate Bonds

What is a Stock?